Below is a great article with an interview with Carol Dweck (psychologist and researcher famously noted for her research and findings on growth mindset). It explains "false" growth mindset as well. First, a growth mindset helps individuals obtain a deeper learning, become more persistent and continue to strive toward goals (academic and other) even when faced with difficulty. Everyone has a mix of different mindsets, meaning for some concepts or certain activities or skills your growth mindset may naturally take charge, for other concepts or skills your fixed mindset may come to the forefront. Fixed mindset is the thought that either your smart or your not, believing that no matter what you do you just CAN or CAN'T that intelligence is innate quality. The confusion and "false" growth mindset is when praise is given just for trying. A TRUE growth mindset looks a failure as a learning tool-why did I fail this test, or not make the team; looking at what can be done to gain the knowledge needed to succeed. It involves learning 1) how to be honest with ourselves 2) how to take what we know and create, and implement a plan to gain more knowledge or skills. This is extremely beneficial to students because if a student believes being "good" at Math is an innate quality that we are born with, it is less likely that they will take on challenges and strive to learn more and be "good" at Math. A growth mindset is more than just TRYING and in this interview with Carol Dweck she helps explain and elaborate on this.